child's dental care

Tips for Parents to Keep Their Child’s Dental Health in Check

Ensuring the dental health of children is a fundamental aspect of their overall well-being. Good oral hygiene practices established during childhood can lead to a lifetime of healthy teeth and gums. Dental health in children not only affects their ability to eat and speak properly but also impacts their confidence and quality of life. Moreover, untreated dental issues can lead to more serious health complications. Therefore, parents play a crucial role in guiding and maintaining their child’s dental health.

1. Start Early: Baby Dental Care

Dental care should begin as early as infancy. Even before the first tooth emerges, it is essential to maintain the cleanliness of a baby’s gums. After feeding, parents can use a clean, damp cloth to gently wipe the baby’s gums. This practice helps remove any residual milk or formula and prevents the build-up of bacteria.

When the first tooth appears, usually around six months of age, it is time to introduce a toothbrush. A soft-bristled, small-headed toothbrush designed for infants should be used. Brushing should be done twice daily using water only, as fluoride toothpaste is not recommended for children under 18 months according to Australian dental guidelines.

Establishing a dental routine early on not only helps in maintaining oral hygiene but also makes children accustomed to the process, reducing resistance as they grow older. Parents should also be mindful of the baby’s diet, limiting sugary foods and drinks that can contribute to tooth decay.

2. Establish a Routine

Creating a consistent dental routine is crucial for children’s dental health. Brushing should be a part of the daily schedule, much like bathing and dressing. Ideally, children should brush their teeth twice a day – in the morning after breakfast and before bedtime.

To encourage this habit, parents can make brushing a fun activity. Using toothbrushes with their favourite cartoon characters or playing a favourite song while brushing can make the process enjoyable. Additionally, parents should supervise their children while brushing to ensure they are doing it correctly.

Proper brushing technique involves placing the toothbrush at a 45-degree angle to the gums and moving it in gentle, circular motions. It is essential to brush all surfaces of the teeth – the outer, inner, and chewing surfaces – as well as the tongue to remove bacteria and freshen breath. Flossing should be introduced once the child has two teeth that touch. This helps remove plaque and food particles from between the teeth and under the gumline where a toothbrush cannot reach.

3. Choose the Right Toothpaste and Toothbrush

Selecting the appropriate toothpaste and toothbrush is vital for effective dental care. For children under 18 months, a soft-bristled toothbrush with a small head should be used with water only. Once children are between 18 months and six years, a pea-sized amount of low-fluoride toothpaste can be introduced. The Australian Dental Association (ADA) recommends toothpaste with a fluoride concentration of 500-550ppm for this age group.

As children grow older and their dexterity improves, they can switch to a toothbrush designed for older children. These toothbrushes usually have a larger handle for a better grip and a slightly bigger head. However, the bristles should remain soft to prevent damage to the gums.

Parents should replace their child’s toothbrush every three to four months or sooner if the bristles are frayed. Worn-out toothbrushes are less effective in cleaning teeth and can harbour harmful bacteria. Electric toothbrushes can also be an excellent option for children, as they often come with timers and other features that can make brushing more effective and engaging.

4. Balanced Diet and Its Impact on Dental Health

A balanced diet is crucial for maintaining healthy teeth and gums. Children’s diets should include a variety of nutrient-rich foods that support overall health and development. Key nutrients for dental health include calcium, phosphorus, and vitamin D, which are essential for strong teeth and bones.

Dairy products such as milk, cheese, and yoghurt are excellent sources of calcium and phosphorus. Leafy green vegetables, nuts, and fish are also beneficial. Vitamin D can be obtained from sunlight exposure and foods such as fatty fish and fortified dairy products.

It is equally important to limit the intake of sugary foods and beverages. Sugars in the diet are metabolised by bacteria in the mouth, producing acids that attack the tooth enamel and lead to cavities. Common sources of dietary sugars include sweets, soft drinks, fruit juices, and even some processed foods. Parents should encourage their children to drink water instead of sugary drinks and opt for whole fruits over fruit juices.

Snacking habits also play a role in dental health. Frequent snacking can increase the risk of tooth decay as it exposes the teeth to sugars and acids throughout the day. Offering healthy snacks such as fruits, vegetables, cheese, and nuts can help maintain dental health. Additionally, chewing sugar-free gum after meals can stimulate saliva production, which helps neutralise acids and wash away food particles.

Overall, a balanced diet combined with good oral hygiene practices forms the foundation of excellent dental health in children. By instilling these habits early on, parents can help their children develop strong, healthy teeth that last a lifetime.

5. Regular Dental Check-ups

Regular dental check-ups are a cornerstone of maintaining your child’s dental health. The Australian Dental Association (ADA) recommends that children visit the dentist by their first birthday or within six months of their first tooth appearing. Early dental visits are crucial for several reasons:

  • Early Detection: Dentists can detect early signs of tooth decay, gum disease, and other dental issues that might not be visible to the untrained eye. Early detection allows for prompt treatment, preventing minor issues from becoming major problems.
  • Preventive Care: Regular check-ups allow the dentist to provide preventive treatments such as fluoride applications and dental sealants. Fluoride helps strengthen tooth enamel, making it more resistant to decay, while sealants protect the grooves and pits of molars from food particles and bacteria.
  • Education: Dental visits are an excellent opportunity for parents and children to receive education on proper oral hygiene practices, dietary recommendations, and the importance of maintaining a healthy mouth.

During a dental check-up, the dentist will perform a comprehensive examination of your child’s teeth, gums, and mouth. This includes checking for cavities, assessing bite and jaw development, and looking for any signs of oral health issues. The dentist may also take X-rays to get a more detailed view of your child’s teeth and supporting structures.

6. Teaching Proper Brushing and Flossing Techniques

Teaching children the correct way to brush and floss their teeth is essential for maintaining good oral hygiene. Parents should supervise and assist their children with brushing and flossing until they are at least eight years old to ensure they are doing it correctly.

Brushing Techniques:

  1. Positioning: Hold the toothbrush at a 45-degree angle to the gums.
  2. Motion: Use gentle, circular motions to clean the outer surfaces, inner surfaces, and chewing surfaces of the teeth.
  3. Duration: Brush for at least two minutes, ensuring that all areas of the mouth are covered.
  4. Tongue Cleaning: Don’t forget to brush the tongue to remove bacteria and freshen breath.

Flossing Techniques:

  1. Length: Use about 45cm of dental floss and wind most of it around one of your middle fingers. Wind the remaining floss around the same finger of the opposite hand.
  2. Guidance: Hold the floss tightly between your thumbs and forefingers, leaving about 2.5cm of floss between them. Use a gentle rubbing motion to guide the floss between the teeth.
  3. Shape: Curve the floss into a “C” shape around each tooth and slide it under the gumline. Gently move the floss up and down against the side of each tooth.
  4. Progression: Use a clean section of floss for each tooth to avoid spreading bacteria.

By teaching and reinforcing these techniques, parents can help their children develop effective oral hygiene habits that will last a lifetime.

7. Preventive Measures: Sealants and Fluoride Treatments

Preventive dental care is vital in protecting children’s teeth from decay and other oral health issues. Two highly effective preventive measures are dental sealants and fluoride treatments.

Dental Sealants:

  • What They Are: Sealants are thin, protective coatings applied to the chewing surfaces of the back teeth (molars). These surfaces have grooves and pits that can trap food particles and bacteria, making them susceptible to decay.
  • Application: The process of applying sealants is quick and painless. The dentist cleans and dries the tooth, then applies a special gel to prepare the surface. After a few seconds, the gel is rinsed off, and the tooth is dried again. The sealant is then painted onto the tooth and hardened with a special light.
  • Benefits: Sealants can reduce the risk of cavities by up to 80% in molars, making them an excellent preventive measure for children. They are particularly beneficial for children who are still mastering their brushing techniques.

Fluoride Treatments:

  • What They Are: Fluoride is a natural mineral that strengthens tooth enamel and helps prevent decay. Fluoride treatments involve applying a concentrated fluoride solution to the teeth.
  • Application: Fluoride treatments are typically applied during routine dental check-ups. The dentist may use a gel, foam, or varnish that is painted onto the teeth or placed in a mouthguard that the child wears for a few minutes.
  • Benefits: Regular fluoride treatments can help repair early stages of tooth decay, strengthen enamel, and protect against future cavities. The ADA recommends fluoride treatments every six months for children at high risk of tooth decay.

8. Addressing Dental Anxiety

Dental anxiety is a common issue among children and can make dental visits challenging for both the child and the parent. Addressing this anxiety is essential to ensure that children receive the dental care they need without fear or stress.

Tips for Reducing Dental Anxiety:

  1. Start Early: Introducing children to the dentist at a young age helps them become familiar with the dental environment. Early, positive experiences can reduce fear and anxiety.
  2. Positive Reinforcement: Praise and reward your child for good behaviour during dental visits. Positive reinforcement can create a positive association with dental care.
  3. Role-Playing: Practice dental visits at home by role-playing. Let your child play the role of the dentist, and then switch roles. This can help them understand what to expect during a real visit.
  4. Use of Comfort Objects: Allow your child to bring a favourite toy or blanket to the dental appointment. Familiar objects can provide comfort and security.
  5. Communicate: Talk to your child about what to expect during the visit. Use simple, reassuring language and avoid using words that may cause fear, such as “hurt” or “pain.”

Dentists at Shell Cove Dental are trained to work with children and can use various techniques to make the visit more comfortable. They may use distraction methods, such as showing cartoons or using playful language, to help children feel at ease.

9. Dealing with Common Dental Issues

Even with the best preventive care, children can still experience dental issues. Being prepared to handle common dental problems can help parents manage these situations effectively.

Tooth Decay:

Tooth decay is one of the most common dental issues in children. It occurs when bacteria in the mouth produce acids that erode tooth enamel. Early signs of decay include white spots on the teeth, sensitivity, and pain.

Management and Prevention:

  • Regular Brushing and Flossing: Encourage consistent brushing and flossing to remove plaque and bacteria.
  • Healthy Diet: Limit sugary foods and drinks that contribute to decay.
  • Dental Sealants and Fluoride: Use preventive treatments to protect teeth.
  • Dental Visits: Schedule regular dental check-ups for early detection and treatment.

Dental Emergencies:

Accidents and injuries can lead to dental emergencies such as knocked-out teeth, chipped teeth, or severe toothaches.

First Aid Tips:

  • Knocked-Out Tooth: If a permanent tooth is knocked out, keep it moist. Place it in milk or a tooth preservation product and see a dentist immediately.
  • Chipped Tooth: Rinse the mouth with warm water and apply a cold compress to reduce swelling. Save any broken pieces and see a dentist.
  • Toothache: Rinse the mouth with warm water and use dental floss to remove any trapped food. Apply a cold compress to the outside of the mouth if there is swelling.

By being proactive and informed, parents can help their children navigate dental issues and maintain healthy, strong teeth. Regular visits to Shell Cove Dental can provide additional support and professional care for any dental concerns.


1. When should my child have their first dental visit?
According to the Australian Dental Association (ADA), children should visit the dentist by their first birthday or within six months of their first tooth appearing. Early dental visits help establish a foundation for good oral health and allow for early detection of any potential issues.

2. How often should my child brush and floss their teeth?
Children should brush their teeth twice a day, in the morning after breakfast and before bedtime. Flossing should be done once a day once the child has two teeth that touch. Parents should supervise and assist with brushing and flossing until the child is around eight years old to ensure proper technique.

3. What type of toothbrush and toothpaste should my child use?
For children under 18 months, use a soft-bristled toothbrush with water only. From 18 months to six years, use a small amount (pea-sized) of low-fluoride toothpaste. The ADA recommends toothpaste with a fluoride concentration of 500-550ppm for this age group. Ensure the toothbrush is appropriately sized for your child’s age and replace it every three to four months or sooner if the bristles are frayed.

4. What foods and drinks should my child avoid to prevent tooth decay?
Limit sugary foods and drinks, such as sweets, soft drinks, and fruit juices, as they contribute to tooth decay. Encourage a balanced diet with plenty of calcium-rich foods like dairy products, leafy greens, and nuts. Offer water instead of sugary drinks and choose whole fruits over fruit juices.

5. How can I help my child overcome fear of the dentist?
Start dental visits early to familiarise your child with the dental environment. Use positive reinforcement and praise for good behaviour during dental visits. Role-playing dental visits at home can help them understand what to expect. Allowing your child to bring a favourite toy or blanket for comfort and using simple, reassuring language can also reduce anxiety.

6. What should I do if my child has a dental emergency?
For a knocked-out tooth, keep it moist by placing it in milk or a tooth preservation product and see a dentist immediately. For a chipped tooth, rinse the mouth with warm water, apply a cold compress to reduce swelling, save any broken pieces, and see a dentist. For toothaches, rinse the mouth with warm water, use dental floss to remove trapped food, and apply a cold compress if there is swelling. Seek dental care as soon as possible to address the issue.