Gum Disease and Periodontal Treatment

Gum disease can be described as inflammation and/or infection of gums, which is caused by plaque (thick biofilm which builds upon teeth). Poor oral hygiene can cause this plaque to harden/calcify and turn into Calculus.

Gum disease can be divided into two different types:

Early gum disease or Gingivitis: Plaque and calculus, if left undisturbed can cause inflammation of gums, causing gingivitis. Gingivitis is reversible and it can easily be treated by simple scale/clean at dentist and improving oral hygiene at home

Advanced gum disease or Periodontitis: Long standing plaque and calculus on teeth and gums can cause serious damage to oral health. Not getting regular cleans at dentist, poor oral hygiene, smoking; dry mouth, etc are some of the reasons why a person may get advanced gum disease or Periodontitis.
As gum inflammation gets worse, pockets form between teeth and gums, causing gums to recede, bone loss and eventually teeth to become loose and fall out.

Signs you may have gum disease:
  • Swollen, red gums
  • Bleeding gums (daily or occasionally)
  • Gum receeding
  • Bad taste in mouth
  • Bad breath
  • Loose teeth

Treatment of gum disease depends on severity of gum disease.

Simple Scale and Clean: Removal of calculus/plaque built up above and around the gums in areas of shallow pockets by dentist or hygienist.

Root debridement or deep cleaning: Removal of calculus under the gums using very fine instruments in deeper pockets leaving root surface clean. Local anesthetic is usually needed for deep cleaning so that the procedure is comfortable and pain free for the patient. Deep cleaning is usually performed over 2 to 4 visits.

Preventing gum disease

Gum disease can be controlled and prevented by:

  • Regular scale and cleans at dentist
  • Good Oral hygiene at home which includes brushing and flossing

To enquire or make an appointment, please call 02 8599 9802 or contact us by email